Corporate governance and banking performance: A comparative study between Islamic and conventional banking sector in the context of Bangladesh
Main Article Content
Corporate governance (CG) is a set of principles that should be included into every aspect of the firm in order to ensure accountability and responsibility. The purpose of this research is to look at the state of corporate governance (CG) in banking sector of conventional banks and Islamic banks. Because the rules, regulations, and operating processes of conventional and Islamic banks differ significantly, the corporate governance (CG) practices of these two banking sectors are likewise distinct. In this work, the authors attempt to give a clear comparative assessment of corporate governance (CG) practices in these two banking sectors. This research looked at four dimensions of corporate governance: board size, board diversity, board diversity, and CEO duality. Return on Equity (ROE) and Return on Assets (ROA) have been used to evaluate banking performance. Regression analysis is used to evaluate the banking performance of the said banking sectors. It is found that BS, IND and BD have positive impact on ROE in Islamic banks sample. On the other hand, in terms of the coefficient of independent variables from sample banks of conventional sector are found to be negative influence on ROE in where IND and CEO duality shows significant result. Both conventional and Islamic banks are under pressure to enhance their corporate governance (CG) practices, since both banking sectors are seeing considerable improvements. However, when compared to conventional banks, Islamic banks lag behind in terms of corporate governance (CG). Companies must comprehend the advantages of implementing strong governance techniques and accompanying activities that aid in enhancing financial performance.